In the wake of the passing of the 2014 US Farm Bill in January there has been, as predicted, a further green wave of pro hemp legislation passed and hemp research activity announced. While there is great activity, how this shapes out is anyone’s guess. Several states are positioned to conduct hemp research. To date, only Kentucky and Hawaii have announced specific research programs. While recognizing that there are valid obstacles, questions, and legal gray areas, much comes down to political courage, leadership and vision.